Pulmonary Atresia with VSD and MAPCAs

Patient Story

This is a 3D model from a neonate with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect (VSD), and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs). This patient has 3 MAPCAs which are seen as the abnormal vessels arising from the aorta to supply the lungs. In this patient these vessels have areas of narrowing (stenosis). In this type of congenital heart disease, the patient is born without a pulmonary valve leaving no connection between the heart and the pulmonary arteries. The MAPCAs are formed by the body to supply blood to the lungs. The VSD allows blood to mix between the right and left ventricle.

surgical intervention
model type
Tetralogy of Fallot
view a normal heart
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Model Printing Tips: This model contains many thin blood vessels that are prone to breakage, it is suggested to print with a durable and flexible material to prevent the lost of important vessels.

This 3D model is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial